Track and Sign Certification in the Swan Valley, Montana with Northwest Connections

Northwest Connections is an innovative organization which runs a variety of biological monitoring, conservation, and educational programs all revolving around the unique and wild landscape of the Swan Valley in northwestern Montana where they are based. In April, I delivered a Cybertracker Conservation Track and Sign Certification Event for them. A very talented group endured challenging field conditions (including about 5 inches of fresh snow Saturday night and Sunday!) and everyone in the group earned a Certificate. My friend and colleague Emily Gibson came along to take some photographs and I am grateful to her for sharing a number of the images for this post!

David Moskowitz explaining how the evaluation process works.

Remains of a deer likely killed and definately consumed by wolves. Swan Valley, Montana

Inspecting a leg bone from the deer which had been partially consumed by the wolves revealed the bone marrow which offers clues to the health of the deer at the time it died.

Taking an answer from a participant.

i know that cougar scat is here somewhere

Mountain lion claw marks of a tree.

Pointing out a mountain lion scat and scrape.

Tracking under a bridge


Discussing a question after everyone has submitted their answers

Close up of elk incisor marking sign.


Level 2 Certificates Awarded: Jim Quinn, Trenton Harper, Scott Tomson, Andrea Stephens

Level 3 Certificates Awarded: Cassie March, Luke Lamar, Lara Arvidson, Mike Stevenson, Alissa Anderson, Rebekah Rafferty

For a complete list of certified trackers in North America visit


David Moskowitz

David Moskowitz, Winthrop, WA, 98862